LLP, short for Limited Liability Partnership, is a type of partnership firm where some or all the partners have limited liability. ‘Limited Liability’ means that the partner’s liability is limited to his contribution mentioned in the agreement.
For a startup, LLP is the ideal business type. Partners of a LLP firm are more secure than that of a partnership firm. Partners in LLP are liable only for their own acts. In a partnership firm, partners are liable for their partner’s act as well.
Registration of LLP in India.
Minimum 2 partners are required to register for LLP. Atleast one of the partners should be a Indian resident.
It should be noted that RBI have restricted FDI in LLP and is allowed prior approval.
Before you begin with the llp registration process, you first need to check whether you have document to fulfil the requirements of LLP registration:
1. Partners’ PAN cards
2. Address proof of partners-Electricity/telephone/property tax bill of not older than 2 months)
3. Passport size photographs of partners
4. Partnership agreement
LLP Registration Process:
Step 1: Obtain DIN:
Every partner of LLP has to make an application for allotment of Director Identification Number. Rs 100 are charged for this form. The following documents should be attached along the form:
1) Passport size photograph
2) Address proof
3) Identity proof
4) Annexure DIN for verification of applicant attested by applicant
5) Passport (in case of foreign partner)
Step 2: DSC
The next step is to apply for Digital Signature Certificate. You need to attach address and identity proof along the DSC form.
The applicant should paste a passport size photograph and sign across the photo on the DSC application form.
Step 3: Check name availability
There are sites with free name search facility of existing companies is available. When you search for a name, the search engine will provide a list of companies that have similar names. Remember, your name should be according to the guidelines.
Once you have checked for name availability, you need to fill form 1 for reservation of name.
You can fill up to 6 choices of names in preference along with the name and significance of each word in the name. The form is then submitted to MCA. It will then be processed by Registrar of the company in state of incorporation. Approval of ROC is required for further process.
Step 4: Incorporation Form
Once the name has been approved, the partners get 60 days to file the incorporate documents and subscription statement in E-form 2. If LLP is not registered within 60 days, you would again have to obtain name approval letter. The documents to be attached along the E-form2
• Address proof
• Incorporation document & subscription statement signed by partners.
The form along with attachments must be submitted to Registrar.
Step 5: Certificate of Incorporation
After submission of documents and form, the registrar checks the documents and if he is satisfied and the forms are according to the relevant provisions of LLP Act, a certificate of Incorporation is issued in the name of LLP.
Step 6: Form-3 – LLP Agreement
The last step is submission of LLP agreement.
This is the last legal formality in the process of registration. A LLP agreement between the partners is to be drafted and submitted. LLP agreement should be according to the provisions provided in the LLP Act.
It can be submitted within 30 days after the certificate of incorporation is issued. Once your LLP Agreement gets approved, your firm gets registered.
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